The autonomy of the Swaziland nation was influenced by British and Dutch rule of southern Africa in the 19th and early 20th centuries.In 1881 the British government signed a convention recognizing Swazi independence despite the Scramble for Africa that was taking place at the time.Swaziland is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.
The clans who accompanied the Dlamini kings were known as the Bemdzabuko or true Swazi.
Artifacts indicating human activity dating back to the early Stone Age, around 200,000 years ago, have been found in the Kingdom of Swaziland.
Prehistoric rock art paintings dating from as far back as c.
Ka Ngwane, named for Ngwane III, is an alternative name for Swaziland the surname of whose royal house remains Nkhosi Dlamini. Mswati II was the greatest of the fighting kings of Swaziland, and he greatly extended the area of the country to twice its current size.
The Emakhandzambili clans were initially incorporated into the kingdom with wide autonomy, often including grants of special ritual and political status.
Elections are held every five years to determine the House of Assembly and the Senate majority. Swaziland is a developing country with a small economy.